Recentlyon 1st of April 2019 Saudi Arabian has been granted citizenship for SOPHIA (A humanoid Robert) which is as intelligent as humans, even expresses emotions etc because of artificial intelligence. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE can be defines a branch of computer science which is associated with making machines, behave like humans by providing proper reason. It was first coined in 1956 by JOH MC CARTHY at DARTMOUTH conference, Massachusetts institute of technology.
In India center for artificial intelligence and robotics (CAIR) which is established in 1986 is the primary laboratory of DRDO. IT promotes research and development in the areas of defence, information technology, communication sector etc,. It is involved in high secure command services, control and secure communication. INNEFU is one of the artificial intelligence based company which is in a nascent stage.
These days it has become a buzz word in the cyber arena. It gained momentum in the recent years and made life easier. It is a simulation of human intelligence process by machines. It is used in almost all the sectors like education, health, legal etc…
Robotic process automation, Natural language processing (NLP), Pattern recognition, Machine vision, Machine learning, Robotics, etc .. are some examples where artificial intelligence is practiced.
Benefits Of Artificial Intelligence
- Artificial intelligence can be used in banking sector for providing assistance, etc.
a. HDFC bank has provided IRA (Intelligent Robotic Assistant)which assist people in the branch to find the relevant counter for them.
b. EVA (electronic virtual assistant) can answer common queries of users who log on to the bank’s website.
c. The chat box known as SBI intelligent assistant or SIA will help customers with every day banking tasks.
3. Smart boarder surveillance can be made with the help of drowns.
4. Weather forecasting can be made practical.
5. Cyber crimes can be controlled at max.
6. BUSINESS SECTOR
a. Purchase prediction can be made in stock markets.
b. Machine learning algorithms are integrated in the analysis and CRM platforms for better service.
c. Automation of job positions has become a talking point among academics and IT consultancies.
7. Fraud detection can be made easily.
8. Online customer support can be provided.
9. During rescue operations Roberts can replace humans.
10. HEALTH SECTOR :
a. IBM WATSON and CHATBOTS are tools which are used for faster accurate diagnosis.
b. Wavelight lasik is used to for laser vision correction surgeries it is known for its speed.
11. EDUCATION SECTOR
a. Awarding and rewarding of marks, grading of ranks, etc can be done with the help of artificial intelligence.
12. LEGAL SECTOR
a. Artificial intelligence can be help in resolving the pending cases especially in India by reducing time by analyzing cases thus better use of time is done.
13. MANUFACTURING SECTOR
a. In this sector Roberts are being used from long centuries advanced exponential technologies have emerged.
b. Additive manufacturing which with the help of Artificial intelligence can revolutionize the entire manufacturing ecosystem.
a. artificial intelligence has played a crucial role in this sector. Chess poker etc.. Here in these games machine applies the reason n number of times than humans. It thinks all possible positions based on heuristic knowledge.
15. Aviation sector uses expert system in flights to monitor system status and atmosphere condition.
16. Error reduction can be made possible with the help of artificial intelligence, it is known for its speed and accuracy.
17. Artificial intelligence is also used in space explorations.
18. Political sector :
b. Unveiled in 2004 got right in the last 3 presidential elections in USA.
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INDIA CAN USE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN THE AREAS LIKE :
- It can help in smart border surveillance.
- Targeted delivery of service.
- Subsidy can be tuned.
- Artificial intelligence helps in big data analysis which further helps for the success of DIGITAL INDIA MISSION.
- Weather forecasting which will reduce the loss of both life and property.
- Disaster management can be made speedy.
- It also can be used in minimizing human interactions in government sectors thus transparency and accountability can be maximized.
- It also helps in analyzing the ancient Indian text.
- It reaches to that areas where the government is handicapped to provide service.
- NETRA is a software to intercept online communication.
As coin has two faces Artificial intelligence has also has both positive and negative faces. Miss use of it leads to gigantic loss of both humans and property this is clearly shown in ROBERT movie of Rajini kanth. Artificial intelligence replaces humans in many arenas like call centres etc.. The humanisation can be a great threat to human existence. It lacks emotional quotient.
From SIRI to Self driving cars ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE has advanced rapidly. It is pointless in debating artificial intelligence is not the light of future. In no time machine will replace human jobs it does not mean the end of humanity but a revolution in the human history.
Industrial revolution is considered as the first revolution in the manufacturing field. Artificial intelligence is considered as fourth industrial revolution. Artificial intelligence has massive potential, but humans must ensure that there will not be any rise of machines which will be out of human control.